In case you’re enthusiastic about Mind Corals, Favia and Favites are favorites of reefkeepers all all over the world. Whereas they appear unique they’re really very stony coral beginner-friendly as long as you’re conscious of fundamental reef aquarium care. In addition they are available an assortment of various colours. Whereas they’re among the extra gradual rising and aggressive stony corals on the market, most individuals can discover area for a Favia or Favites!
What are Favia and Favites Coral?
Favia and Favites are two genera of mind corals, that means that there are literally a number of species of coral in every group that share this identify. They’re each LPS (massive polyp stony) corals that may kind colonies as massive as a meter throughout. Each genera additionally are available a variety of enticing colours and are sometimes accessible captive propagated! That stated, they’re barely tougher than different corals to frag so you’ll nonetheless see wild caught specimens occasionally.
Whereas they’re among the extra simply cared for LPS corals you do must pay correct consideration to the speed of water move, lighting depth, and dissolved mineral and nutrient ranges. Like all stony corals, Favia and Favites have exacting wants for the entire above with a purpose to maintain correct development.
And being a extra aggressive species, we must be particularly cautious when selecting and putting Favia and Favites amongst different corals. In any other case you could discover injury to your different corals within the morning as soon as their nightly warfare subsides! Let’s take a better have a look at the gorgeous Favia and Favites Corals!
- Widespread Names: Pineapple Coral, Mind Coral, Moon Coral, Closed Mind Coral (Favia sp.)
- Scientific Identify: Favia sp. & Favites sp.
- Origin: Atlantic & IndoPacific
- Temperament: Aggressive
- Ease of Care: Simple
Favia or Favites?
Since Favia and Favites are carefully associated, are available a number of colour varieties, and are the 2 most typical mind corals within the interest, it’s fairly straightforward to get them each combined up.
One of the simplest ways to inform is to review the corallites themselves. Corallites are the skeletal cups that every polyp creates round itself because it grows. In Favia corals, the corallites all have their very own partitions. This implies you’ll see fused and even double partitions separating the person polyps. With Favites corals, the corallites share partitions between each other. When you’ve seen them facet by facet it’s considerably simpler to inform them aside!
However in case that also sounds slightly tough, take a look at this video which clearly demonstrates the variations between the 2 genera!
Caring for Favia and Favites Coral
So far as stony corals go, Favia and Favites are among the best and most newbie pleasant species to take care of. Simply be sure that to supply them with sufficient oblique move, lighting, and vitamins and you need to see sustained development and wonderful colours!
The toughest half about protecting stony corals is including exactly the suitable substances they should survive – after which protecting the parameters on this excellent vary. That is usually tough for learners as a result of many of those minerals, compounds, and components work together with one another.
That stated, the precise interactions of every component or compound are past the scope of this text. Simply know that Mind Corals want the under parameters, which are literally favored by nearly all of reef corals. We would like nutrient ranges, particularly nitrate and phosphate to be as little as attainable with out really testing as 0 components per million.
Each nitrate and phosphate are important vitamins for the zooxanthellae (symbiotic algae) that stay inside the tissues of corals. But when your nutrient ranges get too excessive, the robust lighting utilized in reef tanks will encourage inexperienced hair and macro algae to take off, doubtlessly competing along with your corals for dwelling area.
Calcium, magnesium, and strontium are three necessary components utilized by corals to construct up their skeletal bases. Correct magnesium ranges additionally improve the bioavailability of calcium for corals; if magnesium falls under 1200 ppm, calcium and alkalinity ranges comply with swimsuit, precipitating out of resolution and stalling coral development charges. Strontium is a hint component whose position in coral development isn’t as properly understood. However all corals comprise traces of it so it will get added to all marine salt blends.
It’s greatest to make use of reef aquarium salt blends, by the best way, as a result of they’ve increased ranges of important vitamins utilized by corals. Normal marine salt has the suitable concentrations to create seawater with the under parameters. However your coral inhabitants will rapidly draw sufficient components out of resolution to stall their very own development.
So far as the opposite parameters are involved, we wish to present reef normal situations of 72-78℉ and a pH of 8.0-8.24, which is well achieved because of the crushed aragonite substrate utilized in most reef methods. The precise gravity (salinity) must also fall between 1.023 to 1.025. Alkalinity ranges (how resistant your water is to shifts in pH) of 9-12 dKh are literally increased than seawater normal (7-8 dKh). However increased alkalinity ranges have been proven to enhance coral development charges.
Lastly, Mind Corals take pleasure in reasonable to excessive charges of move. You don’t wish to direct the output of your powerhead instantly onto your corals as it may trigger their polyps to retract. As a substitute, reasonable oblique move or round move arrange throughout your entire tank is greatest. This fashion, extra mucus and particles that settles onto the corals will be swept away, protecting their floor clear. Simply be sure that to decrease or flip off the move completely when feeding so meals doesn’t go to waste.
- Temperature: 72-78℉
- pH: 8.0-8.24
- Particular Gravity: 1.023-1.025
- Alkalinity: 9-12 DKH
- Calcium: 350-450 ppm
- Magnesium: 1200-1350 ppm
- Nitrate: 1-10ppm
- Phosphate: 0.1 ppm
Lighting for Favia and Favites Coral
Favia and Favites want reasonable to excessive lighting situations. Whereas they’re additionally keen eaters they rely a good quantity on their zooxanthellae (symbiotic algae) for diet. Coral zooxanthellae present corals with sugars created by photosynthesis. And in trade corals present their symbiotic algae with safety and vitamins. A measurement of 100 PAR (photosynthetically energetic radiation) or increased is greatest on the spot the place you propose on putting your Mind Coral.
Favia and Favites additionally have a tendency to point out unbelievable colours when uncovered to actinic lighting (10,000K+ in colour temperature). Radiant greens, blues, and yellows will come to life in the event you can add an actinic bulb above the tank. PAR lighting tends to be extra within the 6500K colour temperature however you should utilize each bulbs for the very best of each worlds!
Tank Mates for Favia and Favites Coral
You could be slightly extra cautious with tank mates the place Mind Corals are involved as a result of they’re among the extra aggressive forms of corals on the market. At first, the concept of “coral aggression” sounds a bit unusual. In any case, they’re principally or completely sessile (unmoving) and might’t precisely assault a neighbor…Proper?
Because it seems, corals have a number of methods that they use to do something from inhibit the expansion of different corals to killing and even consuming their nearest neighbors. Within the case of Favia and Favites they’ll lengthen sweeper tentacles at evening that aren’t usually seen through the day. These tentacles can add wherever from 2 to six inches in extra attain – and these sweepers are full of potent nematocysts (stinging cells).
Corals use their sweeper tentacles to each accumulate meals that wafts by, like zooplankton and barbeque, and to sting and disable some other corals encroaching on their rising area. Sweeper tentacles do depend on the route and energy of the currents across the coral, that means you may place neighboring corals nearer if the currents will push the Mind Coral’s sweepers away from them. As long as the neighbor isn’t additionally an aggressive species, that’s. Don’t hold Favia or Favites subsequent to Acan Lords, Frogspawn, or Magnificence Corals as they’ll sting one another relentlessly at evening.
Wandering coral species like Ricordea and different mushroom corals can work, as can Toadstool Leather-based Corals. These species can alter their place to keep away from being stung in the event that they wander too near a Mind Coral at evening.
Aggressive species like Mind Corals additionally make nice tank mates for species who don’t have potent stings however are likely to encroach on the area of different corals. Cyphastrea Coral, Inexperienced Star Polyps and Kenya Tree Corals are just a few species recognized to easily overwhelm the competitors. However the attain and potent nematocysts of a Mind Coral will be sufficient to maintain them at bay completely.
Favia and Favites will be saved with any reef protected fish or invertebrate as properly. Reef protected fish embody Pygmy Angelfish, Tangs, Damselfish, Clownfish, Gobies, Blennies, Cleaner Wrasses, and different fish that gained’t decide on the prolonged polyps. Simply watch out when feeding since many fish could also be tempted to steal meals from the corals since they eat fairly slowly.
So far as invertebrates are involved, any sessile or cell invertebrate that gained’t decide at coral polyps and might keep out of the attain of the Mind Coral sweeper tentacles will work. Shrimp are particularly good decisions, although keep away from Peppermint Shrimp (Lysmata wurdemanni) as they’re recognized to take pleasure in nibbling on polyps in the event that they don’t have majano or aiptasia anemones to feast on. Starfish, large clams, feather duster worms, and properly positioned gentle, LPS and SPS will all make wonderful tank mates as properly!
Good Tank Mates for Favia and Favites Corals:
- Pygmy Angelfish, Tangs, Damselfish, Clownfish, and different Reef Secure Fish
- Shrimp, Large Clams, Feather Duster Worms, and different Invertebrates
- Tender, LPS, and SPS Corals (with warning)
Feeding Favia and Favites Coral
Corals are fascinating creatures as a result of they really use a number of feeding strategies. They not solely eat different animals however additionally they soak up dissolved natural materials instantly from the water column. Corals additionally associate up with symbiotic algae to make use of daylight as a manner of remodeling water and carbon dioxide into nutritious sugars!
Some corals can subsist completely on natural matter and lightweight. However Mind Corals are keen eaters and ought to be fed no less than as soon as per week on appropriately sized meals. Zooplankton blends, brine shrimp, and chopped mysis shrimp will all present a dietary and development increase in your corals. Mind Corals usually feed at evening when their sweeper tentacles are prolonged. However they will simply be conditioned to feed through the day.
You’re higher off track feeding Favites and Favia Corals with a pulse of zooplankton slightly than broadcast feeding. Simply be sure that to show off the robust present they usually favor so meals doesn’t go to waste and decay, doubtlessly inflicting ammonia ranges to rise.
Propagating Favia and Favites Coral
Favia and Favites are more and more propagated in captivity however are nonetheless wild collected occasionally as a result of they could be a little tougher to frag. Many corals can simply be cut up in half and they’re going to rapidly regenerate and take off. However the shared corallites of Favites makes them a problem and each Favites and Favia are pretty gradual rising, additional hindering propagation try.
Favia Corals are the better of the 2 genera to propagate as a result of every corallite has its personal wall. You may due to this fact lower in between the corallites utilizing a water lubricated band noticed after which glue your frags (fragments) onto a fragging disk for the brand new coral to get well. Whereas Mind Corals develop pretty slowly they get well properly from this course of, as long as their wounds don’t get contaminated. More often than not you’ll wish to soak every new frag in iodine to forestall micro organism from taking maintain. It’s also possible to add iodine to the noticed’s lubricating water to additional defend the coral frags.