Best Protein Skimmers In 2019 – Top 7 Rated Reviews

Best Protein Skimmers In 2019 – Top 7 Rated Reviews
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Saltwater tanks, especially reef tanks, are mesmerizing, colorful, and inspiring. But, if you want a little piece of the ocean in your home you have to deal with the messes it creates. A dirty film can build up on the water’s surface and wreak actual havoc.

Protein skimmers keep this surface waste from building up in the first place. Just like crashing ocean waves leave some of the water waste on the beach, skimmers remove it from your tank.

What features do the best protein skimmers have in common? Which one should you get? More on that and other questions below…

Best Protein Skimmers

Benefits Of A Protein Skimmer For Aquarium

You may have seen protein skimmers as a recommended part of saltwater tanks, but what do you really get from using one? Here’s the short list

  • More stable pH levels
  • Better water clarity
  • Brighter coral coloring
  • Contained algae growth
  • Increased dissolved oxygen
  • Better overall health for tank inhabitants

All of this from one accessory? Yes, actually! All of these benefits happen because of the reduction in waste on the surface of the water.

A buildup of dissolved organic compounds (DOC) and other waste floats on the surface of your aquarium water. This waste is a lot more evident in saltwater tanks than freshwater, though it exists in both. When there’s a lot of waste, your tank will suffer.

Too much surface waste can reduce light penetration, which affects overall tank health and coral coloring. Waste dissolving into the water also changes the pH balance and creates a food source for nuisance algae. Lastly, surface waste reduces oxygenation in the tank.

Because these things stem from the same problem of surface waste, protein skimmers can solve all of them simultaneously. The bottom line is that protein skimmers do help your tank by making maintenance easier while improving the health of the inhabitants.

So, which protein skimmer is the best one for your tank? You have a lot of options! Here are some of the top-rated protein skimmers that have worked well for other people so far…

10 Top-Rated Protein Skimmers In 2019 Reviews

1 Reef Octopus Classic 202-S 

From Reef Octopus, this glass cylinder protein skimmer is available for tanks up to 250 gallons. It’s translucent high-quality cast acrylic with black and red details.

This protein skimmer can work for large tanks. Handling a light bioload, it works up to 265 gallons maximum. For medium loads, 200 gallons. In tanks with a heavy bioload, 180 gallons.

The Reef Octopus Classic 202-S has a small footprint at 12.4 inches by 10 inches. It stands at 23.2 inches tall when fully set up. You can completely disassemble this skimmer for cleaning.

A pinwheel pump system is in place to create air bubbles within the skimmer. Using the pump system, this skimmer can draw water through at rates of 211 GPH when it’s functioning normally. It has 35W of power draw.

Benefits

Here’s a good small option that packs a nice punch. It’s sized well to work for most saltwater tanks, including reef tanks. Despite the power, you can fit this neatly in your sump to keep it out of the way.

Is there anything else you should know? A few points…

Reef Octopus Classic 202-S
Our rating:4.9 out of 5 stars (4.9 / 5)

Pros
  • Cleans efficiently
  • Settles and adjusts the tank within a few days
  • Great for reef tanks
  • Maintenance is simple and not time-consuming
  • Powerful pump and skimming mechanism
Cons
  • Slightly unclear instructions for setup
  • Some noticeable operating noise  

2 Coral Vue Technology AC20287 Octopus Needle Wheel Skimmer

From Coral Vue, this is a skimmer made for medium to large aquariums. It’s constructed from clear acrylic and has black and red detailing.

This is an in-sump protein skimmer that’s only intended to be placed inside your existing sump tank. It operates using a strong pinwheel pump. The pinwheel impeller is designed to give improved performance over previous designs.

With the built-in pump and all things considered, this skimmer works for up to 210-gallon saltwater tanks. For larger tanks, it will operate only with smaller bioloads. For tanks with a heavy bioload, this sump will work well up until around 150 gallons.

Standing at 22 inches tall, the total footprint is 12.6 inches by 8.7 inches. Because it needs to sit in your sump, it’s compact enough to suit most tank setups.

Benefits

This is a well-made protein skimmer with all the necessary bits and pieces included. It’s great for medium to large tanks, even reef tanks. You won’t need to buy anything extra to get it working, and it should work for years.

Sign me up! But wait, there’s more you should know first…

Coral Vue Technology AC20287 Octopus Needle Wheel Skimmer
Our rating:4.6 out of 5 stars (4.6 / 5)

Pros
  • Easy to set up and get started
  • Efficient cleaning from day one
  • Fits nicely into many sump tanks
  • Keeps up with skimmate from reef tanks and other saltwater tanks
  • Runs very quietly
Cons
  • Flow rate must be readjusted every time the collection cup is emptied
  • Instructions are unclear about the necessary water level (6 to 8 inches)

3 SC Aquariums SCA-302 

For medium to large saltwater tanks, the SC Aquariums SCA-302 protein skimmer is an option. It’s an acrylic skimmer with blue, white, and red details and a capacity for tanks up to 180 gallons in size.

There’s a large collection cup in this skimmer to hold more waste between emptying. The skimmer uses an Atman PH2000 pump and needle impeller mechanism to create air bubbles for skimmate separation.

It’s an in-sump skimmer with a maximum water level around 6 to 8 inches. Sizewise, it’s 18 inches tall and has a footprint of 9 inches by 9.5 inches. That makes it a really small protein skimmer to fit into your sump.

SCA-302 protein skimmers are rated for up to 180 gallons. Even heavy fish loads and reef tanks at this capacity shouldn’t overpower the skimmer.

Benefits

If you’re looking for a skimmer that doesn’t need to be emptied as frequently, this is a nice option for you. It’s got a larger collection cup that comes standard, so you don’t have to maintain it as often.

What else do you need to know? Here’s a little insight…

SC Aquariums SCA-302
Our rating:4.3 out of 5 stars (4.3 / 5)

Pros
  • Included silencer makes it run very quietly
  • Runs well for tanks up to the maximum rating
  • Short break-in time
  • Conveniently small footprint
  • Good customer service if there is a problem
Cons
  • Collection cup is a bit difficult to remove, silencer must be removed first  
  • Included instructions are not clear enough
  • Difficult to clean

4 Bubble Magus BM-Curve 5 

If you don’t need as large of a protein skimmer, the Bubble Magus BM-Curve 5 may be a good choice for you. Aesthetically, it’s a mix of clear and white acrylic with red accent details.

Rated for up to 140 gallons, this sump-only protein skimmer can handle the waste from heavy fish loads or reef tanks. It’s small but powerful.

Water pumps into the skimmer from an SP1000 internal pump. Once inside, it immediately encounters a pinwheel style impeller that creates air bubbles in the water, forming a foam. The foam rises through the unique curved throat and into the collection cup.

Another small protein skimmer, this one from Bubble Magus has a footprint of 7.5 inches by 7.5 inches. It stands at a total of 18 inches tall.

Benefits

When you don’t need the largest protein skimmer on the market, this is a great smaller option. It works perfectly for small or medium tanks and also goes well with some larger tanks. Because of the small footprint, you don’t need a lot of extra room in your sump to keep it going.

Here are a few more things you’ll probably want to know…

Bubble Magus BM-Curve 5
Our rating:4.3 out of 5 stars (4.3 / 5)

Pros
  • Easy to disassemble for cleaning
  • Great for small to medium saltwater tanks
  • Lightweight with a small footprint
  • Runs very quietly
  • Pump located inside the skimmer, reducing the overall footprint
Cons
  • US customer service is not very responsive or helpful
  • A lot of fidgeting and adjustment needed to get it working just right
  • Materials used aren’t as strong as on some other skimmers

5 NYOS Quantum 160

For some larger saltwater tanks, the NYOS Quantum 160 protein skimmer is available. It has a sleek aesthetic with a clear acrylic body and light grey details.

This protein skimmer is rated for up to 265-gallon saltwater tanks. If your tank has a heavy bioload, it can work well for tanks over 100 gallons. Those with a normal or light bioload can be larger, up to 265 gallons as stated.

NYOS Quantum has a decent footprint size for 7.29 inches by 9.85 inches. It tanks at 20.87 inches tall, making it a good medium size option. You need a little extra width on your sump to fit this skimmer comfortably.

When operating, this pinwheel style skimmer creates a good amount of foam. You can adjust the water to foam ratio to suit your tank’s needs. Everything disassembles easily when it’s time to maintain the skimmer.

Benefits

For heavy bioload tanks and larger saltwater aquariums, this protein skimmer offers a lot. It’s a powerful option with a good design to handle the skimmate in your tank.

Here’s a more all-encompassing look at it…

NYOS Quantum 160
Our rating:3.6 out of 5 stars (3.6 / 5)

Pros
  • Little room is needed to remove the collection cup from the top
  • Runs very quietly
  • Attractive and sleek aesthetic
  • Great power for larger tanks
  • Good customer support
Cons
  • Longer break-in period
  • Needs regular cleaning to keep working
  • High electrical power draw

6 Tunze USA 9410.000 Doc Skimmer

Tunze’s protein skimmer offers a different size and aesthetic choice to aquarium keepers. It’s meant for medium to large saltwater tanks.

The Tunze USA 9410 Doc skimmer is rated for tanks up to 265 gallons in size. For heavy fish loads and reef tanks, the skimmer is effective up until about 80 gallons. It’s an energy efficient 15W skimmer that uses a pump bubbler mechanism.

You won’t need a huge sump tank to install this protein skimmer. The footprint is 9.8 inches by 7 inches. It’s only 16.3 inches tall, so you can put it underneath a cabinet more easily.

A post-filter is attached to the water output tube. This filter can be filled with your choice of media. Using this filter reduces your maintenance overall.  

Benefits

This is a good protein skimmer for beginners. It’s easier to adjust than some of the pinwheel skimmers and its small size is convenient for sump setups.

What’s the catch? More on that below…

Tunze USA 9410.000 Doc Skimmer
Our rating:3.5 out of 5 stars (3.5 / 5)

Pros
  • Small footprint is convenient for installations
  • Large, wide collection cup
  • Post-filter makes tank maintenance easier
  • Easy adjustment mechanism doesn’t need as much fine-tuning
  • Very short height fits in most spaces
Cons
  • Plastic is not thick, may break over time
  • Longer break-in time than some other skimmers
  • Poorly written instruction manual
  • May not produce dark, dry skimmate

7 Simplicity 240DC 

Another smaller option, this Simplicity 240DC protein skimmer is great for medium to large saltwater tanks. You can use it for fish-only tanks or reef tanks.

It’s rated for a maximum of 240 gallons. However, this is for fish-only or light bioload tanks. For medium bioloads, you can use this for up to 180 gallons and for heavy loads, 120 gallons.

A bubble plate needle wheel mechanism sits in the inner chamber to create air bubbles in the water. Heading up the cone-shaped glass, skimmate overflows into the medium collection cup for disposal. The cup has a fitted cap on top for easy maintenance and mess-free removal.

This is another skimmer that has a surprisingly small footprint. It’s 5.5 inches long and 8.3 inches wide. Sitting at 19.5 inches tall, it’s easy enough to fit this in most sump tanks.

Benefits

For beginners, this is a simple in-sump protein skimmer option. The small size makes it easy to install. It should be fairly simple to get it to the right level of skimmate.

There are a few other things you should note about this skimmer…

Simplicity 240DC
Our rating:4.5 out of 5 stars (4.5 / 5)

Pros
  • Adjustments are made with a convenient built-in controller
  • Simple controls, setup, and maintenance
  • Runs quietly
  • Installation and use instructions are useful and easy to follow
  • Great customer service
  • Good build quality
Cons
  • Long break-in time
  • Little to no real feedback from other hobbyists, because it’s a newer product
  • Durability and long-term success is unknown

8 Comline DOC 9001

For a simple aesthetic that doesn’t get in the way of your tank’s look, this Tunze skimmer is an option. The Comline DOC 9001 is mostly black with some translucent dark gray plastic.

This is a rectangular, nano in-sump skimmer. It’s appropriate for smaller saltwater tanks up to 37 gallons. For heavy bioloads and dedicated small polyp stony (SPS) tanks, it’s recommended for up to 15 gallons.

You will fasten this skimmer to your sump tank with the magnetic holder. It attaches to tanks with glass or acrylic up to 3/8 of an inch. Air bubbles are created inside using a needle wheel mechanism.

Because it’s intended for nano tanks, it’s very small. It sits at around 8.5 inches tall and is 4.3 inches by 2.5 inches in size. You can easily fit it into any sump, including medium-large sumps on the back of nano tanks.

Benefits

Large in-sump protein skimmers are often overpowered for nano reef tanks. This is a good option for nano reef tanks and other small and nano saltwater tanks.

Here’s a closer look at the good and the bad…

Comline DOC 9001
Our rating:3.4 out of 5 stars (3.4 / 5)

Pros
  • Will fit in most nano tank back compartments with only minor modifications
  • Appropriate filtration levels for small tanks
  • Easy to adjust
  • Runs very quietly, nearly silent
  • Effective for nano tanks
Cons
  • Magnetic attachment system is not very effective
  • Setup instructions are difficult to read and understand
  • Requires very precise water levels

9 AquaMaxx HOB 1.5

From Aquamaxx, the HOB 1.5 protein skimmer is a bright translucent blue device that attaches over the tank glass. It has dark gray and black details.

Constructed from cell-cast acrylic, this is a durable protein skimmer. Your tank should be less than 3/4 of an inch thick for this to hang over it properly. It needs at least 4 inches of top clearance to remove the empty the collection cup.

For heavy bioload tanks, this is rated to be effective in up to 60 gallons. The maximum tank size you should use this for is 90 gallons for fish-only and light bioload tanks.

This skimmer should fit on most small and medium tanks. It’s 17 inches tall, 7.5 inches long, and 2.3 inches wide. All the necessary accessories are included to get it up and running right out of the box.

Benefits

If you need an option that doesn’t require a sump tank, this HOB skimmer could be a good choice. It’s powerful enough to handle a good bioload in most small to medium tanks.

Here’s a roundup of the skimmer to help you decide…

AquaMaxx HOB 1.5
Our rating:4.1 out of 5 stars (4.1 / 5)

Pros
  • Features a drain input in the collection cup for external collection
  • Does not require a sump tank
  • Fits well on smaller tanks
  • Easy to operate and maintain
Cons
  • Replacement parts may be hard to find for repairs
  • Pump may be difficult to prime when necessary
  • May pump microbubbles into your tank

10 CoralVue Technology BH-1000 Reef Octopus 

For a larger HOB protein skimmer, this model from Reef Octopus can do this trick. It’s a translucent light gray skimmer with dark gray accenting details.

Intended for medium sized tanks, this works in tanks with a maximum size of 100 gallons. The maximum capacity is for tanks with a lighter load. This is the right size for small and medium saltwater tanks and reef tanks.

At 21 inches tall, this skimmer is on the tall side for a HOB device. It’s 10 inches long and 4 inches wide. You need around 4 inches of clearance to easily remove the collection cup for cleaning.

As a HOB skimmer, you will attach this to the edge of your tank. The mounts fit on most tanks without large trim around the edges. It needs a few inches of clearance for the water intake pipe.

Benefits

This is a great choice if you want a little more power without having to use an in-sump skimmer. It works well for many small to medium saltwater fish and reef tanks.

Get the scoop from all angles below…

CoralVue Technology BH-1000 Reef Octopus
Our rating:3.9 out of 5 stars (3.9 / 5)

Pros
  • Good build quality, durable
  • Easy to remove and empty the collection cup
  • Short break-in time on most tanks
  • Simple to set up and get it going
  • Skimmer pump sits out of the water, won’t add heat to the tank
  • Runs efficiently for a HOB skimmer
Cons
  • Takes a bit of time to disassemble for cleaning
  • Water intake sits too low in the water, may need modification for your tank
  • Runs with a little more noise than similar skimmers
  • Large size may be an eyesore on some tanks

Protein Skimmer Buyer’s Guide

Protein skimmers work to reduce dissolved organic compounds (DOC) from your tank water. They do this by removing a small layer of water from the top of the tank and mixing it with air. The waste attaches to the air bubbles and gets skimmed off into a disposal cup.

Collected waste is called skimmate. Once the skimmate collects in the cup, all you have to do is pour it out. You’re removing the waste from the tank completely without getting rid of much water.

Sounds great, but is there a catch?

Do You Need A Protein Skimmer?

Taking out extra waste is nice, but do you really have to have a protein skimmer? There’s no way to give a definitive yes or no. However, most aquarium experts recommend them for saltwater fish tanks.

Freshwater tanks don’t need protein skimmers. If you’re managing a saltwater tank, it’s probably better to have one than not to. If you choose to forgo the skimmer, you’ll be doing very frequent water changes.

Best Protein Skimmers – Top 7 Rated Reviews 1

Too many water changes will affect the water quality over time if you’re not extremely careful about balancing it. Plus, you’ll get tired of changing the water so much.

For reef tanks, you should always have a protein skimmer. If you have a smaller fish-only saltwater tank, you may be able to do without it. Beginners should definitely use one to give better chances of success, while experienced fish keepers might be okay without it.

It’s a lot of work to maintain a saltwater tank already. Without a protein skimmer, you’re making your work a lot harder for no good reason.

Not all protein skimmers are the same. To get the full benefits and make it worth your while, here’s what you should look at…

Types Of Protein Skimmers

There are a few different types of protein skimmers:

  • Co-current Flow

One of the classic designs, these skimmers use air stones to send bubbles to the top of the water. The air bubbles are then collected into the cup in the reaction chamber.

  • Counter Current Flow

Rather than having water and air moving in the same direction, the mixing is happening in the opposite direction. Air is forced down into the aquarium water within the skimmer before ending up in the collection cup.

  • Recirculating Skimmers

Requiring an external pump, this type of protein skimmer makes the process faster. Water is pumped around the skimmer quickly, resulting in faster mixing of air and water as well as re-circulation of the same water multiple times.

Best Protein Skimmers – Top 7 Rated Reviews 2

  • Venturi Skimmers

Similar to a co-current skimmer, these use a venturi valve in the air intake tube. This forces the air and water to mix differently.

  • Needle Wheel Skimmers

Using mesh or spoked needle wheeled, these skimmers rapidly cut through the water. As they do that, tiny air bubbles are created that bond to the skimmate.

  • Spray Induction

Aquarium water comes through the intake and enters the skimmer through a spray nozzle. The force of spraying water out creates air bubbles.

Level Of Maintenance

Some protein skimmers are a lot easier to clean than others. You want the collection cup to be in easy access and the parts to be removable where necessary. Maintaining the skimmer should be simple and straightforward.

Best Protein Skimmers – Top 7 Rated Reviews 3

Larger collection cups will not have to be emptied as frequently. Smaller cups need more frequent cleaning, but won’t have as much time to start stinking between cleanings.

You don’t need to clean the entire skimmer very often. When it’s time to maintain it, you do need to be able to reach every part for cleaning. This includes the water and air intakes, bubble creation mechanism, and the interior walls.

Skimmer Size

Collection cups and skimmers should be appropriately sized to match your aquarium. It’s better to oversize than to undersize. If you have a large tank, get a larger skimmer.

When a protein skimmer is too small for your tank, you’ll do a lot of work to keep it maintained and functioning properly. It’s better to get something that’s properly sized to save yourself the trouble. You’ll also have cleaner water without any gunk flowing back into the tank if the cup fills up.

Protein Skimmers Versus Surface Skimmers

There are a few kinds of skimmers for fish tanks. Protein skimmers and surface skimmers are the most common. Though they have similar names, they have completely different functions.

Best Protein Skimmers – Top 7 Rated Reviews 4

Protein skimmers remove DOCs from the water and collect waste to remove it from the tank. Surface skimmers are part of your regular filter and work to remove solid waste that floats on the surface. This includes leftover food, particles, and bits that would otherwise avoid the regular filter intake.

You can use both types of skimmers at the same time. However, you can’t use a surface skimmer as a direct replacement for a protein skimmer.

Conclusion

If you’re ready to get rid of the dirty film floating on your saltwater tank, get a skimmer now. The Reef Octopus Classic 202-S gets the job done well for medium to large tanks with a sump. For those without a sump tank, the AquaMaxx HOB 1.5 cleans things up without taking up space.

Improve the health and beauty of your saltwater tank with a protein skimmer. These things make tank maintenance a whole lot easier! Based on your tank, choose a skimmer that best meets the needs on your checklist.