What is an EPD?
Environmental Product Declarations (EPD’s) are ecolabels that disclose the environmental performance of products based on a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Unlike most environmental labels that signify “green” performance, EPD’s merely disclose environmental impacts in much the same way a nutrition label discloses nutritional values.
Because of its holistic approach, LCA permits a whole-system optimization. The life cycle approach provides a high-level look at all direct and indirect environmental issues at once, and is especially powerful when evaluating alternatives. Type III EPD’s provide the consumer with a way to evaluate their everyday choices.
Why get an EPD?
Your commitment to go through the process of obtaining an EPD will show consumers, especially B-to-B customers what they want to know about the sustainability of your product. They will appreciate that you are taking a science-based, measurable action, not greenwashing.
What does an EPD show?
Much like a nutrition label the EPD shows some or all of the following impacts:
- Climate change
- Depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer
- Acidification of land and water sources
- Formation of photochemical oxidants
- Depletion of fossil energy resources
- Depletion of mineral resources
- Any harmful contents of the product
It also addresses any other issues raised in the Product Category Rule developed specifically for the life cycle of a particular product system.